ADVERTISEMENT
Kidney and Urologic Diseases Data Verified

Kidney Stones: Causes, Management and Prevention

Published on Jun 12, 2015 and last reviewed on Jul 18, 2022   -  6 min read

Abstract

A kidney stone is formed due to the deposition of hard mineral substances in the kidney. This article explains kidney stones, their management, and prevention.

Contents
Kidney Stones: Causes, Management and Prevention

What Is a Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, are hard mineral deposits (calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus) formed inside the kidneys. They vary in size. It is a common condition that can affect individuals of all age groups. The majority may experience it because of their lifestyle. Small stones can pass through urine with little or no pain. But stones more than 3 mm in size can get stuck in ureters and block the flow of urine, causing severe pain or bleeding.

What Are the Causes of Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones can be caused due to decrease in the urine volume or an increased amount of stone-forming substances in the urine. The stone-forming substance may include calcium, oxalate, cystine, urate, struvite, and phosphate. Reduced intake of fluids can lead to a reduction in urine volume.

The other reasons for kidney stones may include:

Where Are Kidney Stones Located?

Stones may be located in:

What Are the Types of Kidney Stones?

The different types of kidney stones are:

Who Is More Prone to Get Kidney Stones?

You are at high risk to get kidney stones if:

What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Stones?

The symptoms of kidney stones may include:

How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?

X-ray or ultrasound examination or CT (computed tomography) scan confirms the presence of kidney stones.

How Are Kidney Stones Treated?

Small stones usually do not need treatment. A large kidney stone is generally removed by a procedure called lithotripsy.

Ayurvedic Remedies:

Other ayurvedic home remedies to treat kidney stones are:

How Can Kidney Stones Be Prevented?

To prevent kidney stones, follow the steps below:

Conclusion:

Small renal stones can be treated easily, or they will pass through the ureter to the bladder on their own. But large renal stones cannot pass on their own, or they will cause pain or extensive damage to the kidneys. Therefore, kidney stones require proper and intensive treatment along with powerful herbal remedies.

ADVERTISEMENT

Last reviewed at:
18 Jul 2022  -  6 min read

RATING

5

Tags:

Related Questions & Answers


Can a gay man father a child?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a gay, married to a woman and had sex with my wife. My question is can my sperms impregnate my wife? If it happens, my children will be straight or gay?  Read Full »

A Patient's Guide to Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

Article Overview: Urinary tract infections are clinical bacterial infections involving the urinary system. Read the article to learn more. Read Article


Davie Wong
Davie Wong
HIV/AIDS Specialist

What Are Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections? Recurrent urinary tract infections are chronic urinary infections that either do not respond to treatment or keep recurring. In chronic urinary infections, the involvement of other organs of the urinary system is observed. The urinary system is made up of...  Read Article

Can Metformin help me in losing weight?

Query: Hello doctor,I am 37 years old. I have gained a lot of weight of late and my weight is 101 kg at 5 feet and 7 inches. I got all the tests done and I have a fatty liver and am pre-diabetic. Can I take Metformin for weight loss and diabetes? Can it help me in reducing the fatty liver? Please help.  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Kidney Health or Renal Calculi?

Ask an expert Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: Native Care is not aimed to replace the services of your treating physician or allopathy medicines. Our site's information is to those who are willing to take responsibility for their health, being fully aware that the content published herein would not qualify as a prescription or specific medical advice. If users use the information and stop prescribed medication without their physician's consent, they bear full responsibility for their actions, and iCliniq-Native Care bears no responsibility for the same. Information on Native Care should not be misinterpreted as a cure for any illness, as our body is complex and everyone reacts differently.
 

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.