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Kidney Stones: Causes, Management and Prevention

Published on Jun 12, 2015 and last reviewed on Jul 18, 2022   -  6 min read


A kidney stone is formed due to the deposition of hard mineral substances in the kidney. This article explains kidney stones, their management, and prevention.

Kidney Stones: Causes, Management and Prevention

What Is a Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, are hard mineral deposits (calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus) formed inside the kidneys. They vary in size. It is a common condition that can affect individuals of all age groups. The majority may experience it because of their lifestyle. Small stones can pass through urine with little or no pain. But stones more than 3 mm in size can get stuck in ureters and block the flow of urine, causing severe pain or bleeding.

What Are the Causes of Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones can be caused due to decrease in the urine volume or an increased amount of stone-forming substances in the urine. The stone-forming substance may include calcium, oxalate, cystine, urate, struvite, and phosphate. Reduced intake of fluids can lead to a reduction in urine volume.

The other reasons for kidney stones may include:

Where Are Kidney Stones Located?

Stones may be located in:

What Are the Types of Kidney Stones?

The different types of kidney stones are:

Who Is More Prone to Get Kidney Stones?

You are at high risk to get kidney stones if:

What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Stones?

The symptoms of kidney stones may include:

How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?

X-ray or ultrasound examination or CT (computed tomography) scan confirms the presence of kidney stones.

How Are Kidney Stones Treated?

Small stones usually do not need treatment. A large kidney stone is generally removed by a procedure called lithotripsy.

Ayurvedic Remedies:

Other ayurvedic home remedies to treat kidney stones are:

How Can Kidney Stones Be Prevented?

To prevent kidney stones, follow the steps below:


Small renal stones can be treated easily, or they will pass through the ureter to the bladder on their own. But large renal stones cannot pass on their own, or they will cause pain or extensive damage to the kidneys. Therefore, kidney stones require proper and intensive treatment along with powerful herbal remedies.


Last reviewed at:
18 Jul 2022  -  6 min read




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